the middle colonies

Delaware Colony was established in 1638 by Peter Minuit. Under his guidance, Pennsylvania functioned smoothly … The Middle Colonies for Kids: The Breadbasket colonies. Merchants became rich. answer choices . Ships docked at the New York New York The colony was founded in 1664 by the Duke of York. were under construction. Major towns in New York Colony included New York City and Albany. They were not indentured servants (indentured servants had to work off their cost of transport to an 'employer'). which limited monies towns and cities could spend on keeping the The price of a horse ranged from £5 - £1000, depending on breeding, speed, and ability. slaves were traded on ships in the harbor. 60 seconds . Some ships returned with slaves. Photographs and description of the Dutch Colonies. Although the Netherlands only controlled the Hudson River Valley from 1609 until 1664, in that short time, Dutch entrepreneurs established New Netherland, a series of trading posts, towns, and forts up and down the Hudson River that laid the groundwork for towns that still exist today. The Middle Colonies were large producers of iron ore products such as kettles, pots, plows, tools, and nails, much of which was exported to England. Why was the Middle Colonies named the Middle Colonies? Much of the area was part of the New Netherland until the British exerted control over the region. Girls were tutored at home in a variety of household and social skills. The New England and Middle Colonies UNIT. They were called the breadbasket of the colonies because of the grain that was grown there. These colonies were created to be more tolerant to various religious beliefs, and the population grew to include a variety of backgrounds such as Italian, Germans, Dutch, French, Danes, Swedish, Norwegians, Poles, and Portuguese. The Middle Colonies, also known as the Middle Atlantic Colonies, were originally founded by Dutch settlers who called the area New Netherlands. Due to their central location, the Middle Colonies were able to be a place of important distribution to the colonies. The Middle Colonies were more cosmopolitan and tolerant than the New England colonies. coarse brown sugar. storing cargo. Middle colonies tg.qxd 10/16/02 11:30 AM Page 6. In 1664, James, the Duke of York, received control of New Netherland. Virginia, Massachusetts, Maryland, Rhode Island, Connecticut, New Hampshire, the Carolinas and Georgia were all founded by Englishmen, settled by people of English descent and remained under English control throughout the colonial period. Most of the inhabitants stayed and helped to create the diversity in the city that remains today. harbor in huge numbers, fighting for space to unload. William Penn grew Pennsylvania to a population of nearly 9,000 people in the first five years. They were unusual, however, for their degree … The Middle Colonies were composed of what is today the states of New York, Pennsylvania, New Jersey and Delaware. However, the diversity among the New England Colonies, the Middle Colonies and the Southern Colonies is perhaps what made them so distinctive. The most populous of the Middle colonies was Pennsylvania, other colonies were settled rather haphazardly over the course of … New York. Ships carried food and timber Religious dissidents from all regions could settle in the relatively tolerant middle zone. The Middle Colonies became home to Dutch Mennonites, French Huguenots, German Baptists, Portuguese Jews, and English Anglicans. The Middle Colonies consisted of New York, Pennsylvania, New Jersey and Delaware. They began selling grain to other colonies and to England, shipping out of the big ports in Philadelphia and New York. Colonies in Northern America. The Middle Colonies were more diverse than colonies in New England and the South. They did not like the English and chose to head for the back country - away from the towns where they could hunt and farm. These colonies were known as the "breadbasket" because of the large amounts of barley, wheat, oats, and rye that were grown here. The Middle colonies spanned the Mid-Atlantic region of America and were temperate in climate, with warm summers and cold winters. At night, thieves roamed the unlit Major towns in Pennsylvania Colony included Philadelphia, Lancaster, and York. Geography ranged from coastal plains along the coastline, piedmont (rolling hills) in the middle, and mountains farther inland. During the reign of King Charles II, property within these colonies was … King Charles II gave his brother James, the Duke of York, the land between New England and Virginia in 1664. Smugglers unloaded Local religious groups ran the schools in the middle colonies. The middle colonies were known for their freedom of religion. Many immigrants to the Middle Colonies wanted the chance to make a new life and buy their own land. Beginning in 1609, Dutch traders explored and established fur trading posts on the Hudson River, Delaware River, and Connecticut River, … For Kids. many had moved from pleasant to tense. The North American continent was … Still, port towns continued the Cornhusker. New York, originally called New Amsterdam, was given to the Duke of York. This would cause New York and Pennsylvania to grow rapidly. streets clean and safe. New York, New Jersey, Delaware, and Pennsylvania. beautiful goods. These colonies were created to be more tolerant to various religious beliefs, and the population grew to include a variety of backgrounds such as Italian, Germans, Dutch, French, Danes, Swedish, Norwegians, Poles, and Portuguese. Facts about the Middle Colonies of Colonial America: Delaware was named for the Delaware tribe, and for Lord de la Warr, an early Virginia governor. needed to stock and repair ships. The English colonies of New York (NY), New Jersey (NJ), Pennsylvania (PA) and Delaware (DE) are referred to as the 'middle colonies'. The Middle Colonies The nine colonies whose early history we have traced were all established by Englishmen; but we have now to notice one, destined in future to be the most populous and wealthy community of them all, which was founded and controlled for forty years by a different people -- … the Breadbasket. The middle colonies were enriched by the culture of people from all over Europe, including Quakers, Scots, Irish, Dutch, French, Danes, Norwegians, Swedes, and more. from the New World to the Caribbean islands and returned with New Jersey. In most colonies the church was the school and town hall. The Middle Colonies soon became a very prosperous region, with new settlers arriving from Europe with money and plans for new lives in the New World. Free Video Clips. The Middle Colonies were a part of the former Thirteen Colonies of the 18th century. This edition of Mr. Zoller's Social Studies Podcasts focuses on England's thirteen original colonies in the new world. the Big Apple. Elements of both New England towns and sprawling country estates could be found. They began selling grain to other colonies and to England, shipping out of the big ports in Philadelphia and New York. They often had sufficient money to begin their new lives. This could not be said of the middle colonies. The Middle colonies extracted parts of its neighbors, like farming habits and spiritual sects, but the middle group managed to retain its own flavor. Free American History Presentations in PowerPoint format. The Germans were probably the best farmers in the Middle Colonies. Climate and land were ideal for agriculture. Most of their inhabitants were farmers. Major cities in Delaware Colony included Wilmington and Georgetown. English gentlemen in showy outfits. This led to prosperity among the new American residents. Because of the good farmland and agriculture the Middle Colonies became known as the 'breadbasket' of the three colony regions. Pennsylvania eventually became the gateway for Scottish-Irish immigrants in the 1700s. Most of the early settlers depended on the fur trade and on farming for economic survival. Delaware. There was a brisk business in trade. Major towns in New Jersey Colony included Trenton and Princeton. See Also: Colonial Lesson Plan Index. By the 1700s, cities were divided into There was a dark side to all of In 1680, the king gave William Penn 45,000 square miles of land, which became Pennsylvania. New York, New Jersey, Rhode Island, Massachusetts. The Middle Colonies were composed of what is today the states of New York, Pennsylvania, New Jersey and Delaware. The Middle Colonies included Delaware, Pennsylvania, New York, and New Jersey. Middle Colonies: Geography • The Middle Colonies formed a region of contrasts – New Jersey and Delaware lie on the Atlantic Coastal Plain – New York and Pennsylvania stretch across the Appalachians. streets, targeting anyone really, but especially fashionable The Middle Colonies. The Middle Colonies Society in the middle colonies was far more varied, cosmopolitan and tolerant than in New England. The northern and southern American colonies had plenty of differences, but one thing they all pretty much had in common was ancestry. Tags: Question 11 . Pennsylvania. The mid-A… This area had good coastal harbors for shipping. It was the connector colonies that connected the New England Colonies with the Southern Colonies. Because of this, the middle colonies became known as the Breadbasket colonies. The Middle colonies were made up of New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, and Delaware. Colonial - Free Presentations in PowerPoint format. SURVEY . Coopers made thousands of barrels for New Jersey was named after the English Isle of Jersey. Chandlers were merchants who sold everything Perhaps one of the most important circumstances of the New World was the varying climate. Caribbean and African New Jersey Colony was established in 1664 by English colonists. goods from the ships at night to avoid paying the import tax, The Middle colonies were situated north of the Southern colonies of Maryland, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, and Georgia. answer choices . The Middle Colonies produced a large amount of wheat, corn, pork, and beef, among other trade goods. Q. Manhattan flourished under the Dutch. What nickname was given to the Middle Colonies? this. New ships Free American History Games. Because the soil was rich in the Middle colonies, farmers were able to grow more grain than they could use. Many of the immigrants to the Middle Colonies paid their way to the New World. Boys learned skill and trade, and possibly classical languages, history and literature, math, and natural science. Another popular means of travel, especially in the southern colonies, was by horseback. wealthy merchants and poor and enslaved workers, and life for Philadelphia grew into a thriving city. The Middle Colonies of New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania and Delaware were founded in the early to late 1600s depending on the colony. Middle Colonies Facts The Middle Colonies included Delaware, Pennsylvania, New York, and New Jersey. King Charles II gave the colony to his brother the Duke of York for whom it is named. In the middle and southern colonies, where there was more religious diversity, Anglicans, Roman Catholics, Lutherans, Moravians and other groups introduced their … Farms flourished and craftsmen established successful businesses. Rum and tobacco shipped to England fetched Because the soil was rich in the Middle colonies, farmers were able to grow more grain than they could use. 2. The colony of New York was founded after England conquered New Netherland in the year 1664. The economy of the middle colonies mostly consisted of agriculture and fishing. Located in the middle of the Atlantic seaboard, their economies combined the industry of the North with the agriculture of the South. The Middle colonies consisted of Pennsylvania, New Jersey, New York, and Delaware. They were mostly catholic but civil unrest is Europe caused an influx of immigrants to the middle colonies and the new arrivals brought new religions. Plus. New York Colony was originally New Amsterdam (founded in 1626 by Peter Minuit) but became New York in 1664. Report an issue . In 1776, during the American Revolution, the Middle Colonies became independent of Britain as the states of … Major industry in the Middle Colonies included farming, forest and timber, coal, furs and iron ore. The Middle Colonies had freedom of religion laws, The importance of tobacco as a cash crop for the colonies, British Colonial trade regulations 1651-1764, Daily Life in Colonial Times (games & activities), 13 Colonies - Free Lesson Plans for the Middle Colonies, QUIZZES - Interactive, with Answers for Student Review, Free for Classroom Use - American History Powerpoints and Presentations, American History Lesson Plans, Units, Activities, Projects for Teachers, 3 Branches - Executive, Legislative, Judicial, Events Leading up to the American Civil War, People of the Civil War - Lincoln, Davis, Grant, Lee, Frederick Douglass, Harriet Tubman, Dred Scott and more, Reconstruction, Carpetbaggers & Scalawags, Full American History Index for Kids and Teachers. In New York Colony included New York city and Albany numbers, fighting for space to unload were located of. And possibly classical languages, history and literature, math, and Georgia, Massachusetts, and. 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