rheinmetall 120 mm l55

A size comparison of Rheinmetall's original 120mm gun, its extended L55 variant, and its earlier, proposed 140mm type. [5], Production of the German Leopard 2 and the new 120 mm tank gun began in 1979, fulfilling an order for the German Army. Production began in 1974, with the first version of the gun, known as the L/44 as it was 44 calibers long, used on the German Leopard 2 tank and soon produced under license for the American M1A1 Abrams and other tanks. [9] Whether true or not, the Soviets test-fired a number of Israeli M111 Hetz armor-piercing discarding sabot rounds at Kubinka, finding the 105-millimeter (4.1 in) round was able to perforate the sloped front section plate but not the turret armor of the T-72 tank. For example, a long line of armor-piercing discarding sabots was developed by Rheinmetall. The L/55 is 1.32 meters (4.3 ft) longer, giving increased muzzle velocity to ammunition fired through it. Compared to the 2700 kg 120 mm gun, the 130 mm has a 1,400 kg (3,100 lb) barrel and an all-up weight of 3000 kg including the recoil system. Muzzle of a Rheinmetall 120 mm L/55 tank gun on a Spanish Leopard 2E. The DM33 has a three-part aluminum sa… Rome, New York: Advanced Materials and Processes Technology Information Analysis Center. [44][45][46] In July 2020, Rheinmetall unveilled a testbed tank for the gun in a new turret, mounted on a Challenger 2 hull. As the L/55 retains the same barrel geometry, it can fire the same ammunition as the L/44. Burton, Larry; Robert Carter, Victor Champagne, et al. This first involved a 140-millimeter (5.5 in) tank gun named Neue Panzerkanone 140 ("new tank gun 140"), but later turned into a compromise which led to the development of an advanced 120 mm gun, the L/55, based on the same internal geometry as the L/44 and installed in the same breech and mount. It can also be found on tanks produced by Japan, South Korea, and Turkey. Rheinmetall announced to develop a new/upgraded 120 mm and a new 130 mm gun The development of the 130 mm gun is quite a surprise. "Critical Technology Events in the Development of the M1 Abrams". The Leopard 2 and M1 Abrams (M1A1 and M1A2) are fitted with Rheinmetall's L44 and L55 120 mm tank gun. "Development Trends in Tank Armament". Jane's Armour & Artillery (subscription). [12] This led Israel to opt for a 120 mm tank gun during the development process of the Merkava III main battle tank. According to IHS Jane’s, Rheinmetall has proposed replacing the rifled L30A1 gun of the British Challenger 2 with the smoothbore L55 120mm gun. [14], In 1963 Germany and the United States had already embarked on a joint tank program, known as the MBT-70. The introduction of the longer barrel came hand in hand with the introduction of a new kinetic energy penetrator, the DM53. [28] The larger gun was integrated into the M1A1 Abrams, with the first vehicle coming off the production line in 1985[30] The gun, known as the M256, was based on the L/44 tank gun, although manufactured at Watervliet Arsenal. Rheinmetall's L/44 tank gun has a caliber of 120 mm, and a length of 44 calibers (5.28 meters (17.3 ft)). Both Germany and the United States have developed several other rounds. We don't know about any in-box reviews for this Rheinmetall 120mm turned barrel with resin details L44/ L55 (#35074) from Inside the Armour. Production began in 1974, with the first version of the gun, known as the L/44 as it was 44 calibers long, used on the German Leopard 2 tank and soon produced under … [9] For example, at the fighting at Sultan Yakoub, during the 1982 Lebanon War, the Israeli government claimed to have destroyed nine Syrian T-72s with the Merkava main battle tank, armed with an Israeli production version of the American M68 105-millimeter (4.1 in) tank gun (which in turn was based on the British L7). [81] Although South Korean K2 Black Panther is equipped with a L/55 main gun and shows similar characteristics as its German counterpart, it is indigenously developed by Agency for Defense Development and World Industries Ace Corporation (WIA), a Korea-based powertrain company affiliated with Hyundai Kia Motors Group.[82]. "New Tanks for the Old, Part II: Tank Top Upgrades". The Israelis also introduced a new anti-personnel munition which limits collateral damage by controlling the fragmentation of the projectile. "Improving the Leopard Firepower: More Potent Ammunition Prepares the Leopard to Face a Wide Spectrum of Missions". [80] Two Challenger 2s were modified to undergo firing trials. The ammunition is manufactured by Zakłady Produkcji Specjalnej Sp. [42] The new barrel weighs 1,347 kg (2,970 lb). Between 1972 and 1975 a total of 17 prototypes were developed. Austria, Canada, Chile, Denmark, Finland, Greece, Indonesia, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Singapore, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey. An immediate improvement, known as the M829A1, was called the "Silver Bullet" after good combat performance during the Gulf War against Iraqi T-55s, T-62s and T-72s. Jane's Ammunition Handbook (subscription), Israel Aerospace Industries LAser Homing Anti-Tank (LAHAT) projectile (Israel), Gun-launched guided projectiles, Leopard 2: the world's most advanced main battle tank, "Rheinmetall Ups Tank Firepower with new 130mm Gun – Defense Update", German Rheinmetall works on new 130mm tank gun, "Eurosatory 2016: Rheinmetall lifts the lid on new 130 mm tank gun", Rheinmetall Ups Tank Firepower with new 130mm Gun, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=J8Sa_q-Lz6g, https://www.armyrecognition.com/defense_news_july_2020_global_security_army_industry/rheinmettall_unveils_new_leopard_tank_mbt_with_130mm_cannon.html, "ATK Specifications: 120mm M829A3 APFSDS-T Ammunition", "Rheinmetall Press Release 17 February 2013", "Army ammunition data sheets artillery ammunition: guns, howitzers, mortars, recoilless rifles, grenade launchers, and artillery fuzes (FSC 1310, 1315, 1320, 1390)", Tanks for the Lesson: Leopards, too, for Canada, http://www.military-today.com/tanks/altay.htm, https://www.c4defence.com/Arsiv/almanya-da%C2%A0leopard-tanklarinin-yarisi-calisamaz-durumda/5158/1, "Firing US 120mm Tank Ammunition in the Leopard 2 Main Battle Tank", Lance-grenade individuel Mle F1 (LGI Mle F1), https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Rheinmetall_Rh-120&oldid=996569895, Short description is different from Wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Franco-German project, in French service as the OFL 120 F1 round, Multipurpose HEAT round with smart fuze able to be used against helicopters. [5] Ten of the 17 turrets built were equipped with the 105 mm smoothbore gun, and the other seven were equipped with the larger 120 mm gun. As the L/55 retains the same barrel geometry, it can fire the same ammunition as the L/44. It is also produced under license by General Dynamics Land … L55 120mm smoothbore main gun. Center for Technology and National Security Policy. Rheinmetall developed its 120mm x 570 HE Temp. Dodejme, že podle tiskových materiálů jmenované německé firmy tanky Leopard 2 zůstanou ve výzbroji evropských armád minimálně dalších 15 až 20 let. Stash. The Rheinmetall L/44 (Or M-256 as the Americans put it), was first developed in 1974 when the Cold War was still at its peak and the Berlin Wall hasn’t came down. [13], In 1963, Germany and the United States had already embarked on a joint tank program, known as the MBT-70. Production began in 1974, with the first version of the gun, known as the L/44 as it was 44 calibers long, used on the German Leopard 2 tank and soon produced under license for the American M1A1 Abrams and other tanks. Evaluated by the US Army between 1998 and 2001, this M1A2 featured a 120mm M256E1 gun with a new tube derived from the Rheinmetall L/55 found on the Leopard 2A6. [21] Instead, the Germans opted for Rheinmetall's 120 mm L/44 smoothbore tank gun. [50] The DM23 was eventually replaced by the DM33, which was also adopted by Japan, Italy, Netherlands and Switzerland. Warford, James M. (1 September 2006). [59] This variant is unofficially referred to by Abrams tank crews as the "super sabot". "Tank Assessment Survey Ranks Leopard 2A6 Tops, With the M1A1 the Runner-up". A Spanish Leopard 2E the gun 's recoil mechanism is composed of two retarders. Fragments are shaped to have enough kinetic energy penetrators, such as the.... 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